王知还老师译作选

[转载]陈毅的《记遗言》之英译

屏蔽已有 2056 次阅读 2013-9-27 08:51 |个人分类:老师文集|系统分类:诗词雅集|文章来源:转载

(某女同志渡江遇敌负伤,临殁,同辈皆哭,乃张目视曰:“革命流血不流泪。”言讫而绝。余闻而壮其言,诗以志之,一九四零年十月。)
  革命流血不流泪,
  生死寻常无怨尤。
  碧血长江流不尽,
  一言九鼎重千秋。
  Her Last Words
  Chen Yi
  (The poet’s original note: A woman comrade was wounded in an encounter with the enemy while crossing a river. As death approached, her companions all wept. She opened her eyes and said, “For the Revolution, blood, not tears, is shed.” With these words she passed away. When I heard about it, I was moved by the heroism of her words. Hence this poem in memory of this comrade.)
  ”For th’ Revolution, blood, not tears, is shed!”
  (So the dying heroine, gasping, said.)
  Or live or die, all is quite commonplace!
  Complaint, regret, there is never a trace.
  O so much loyal blood has been in flood,
  That not even the Yangtse’ course can hold.
  And her one sentence truly bears the weight
  Of th’ Nine Tripods (1) —(symbol of power of state),
  And will last ages, ’til Time itself grows old!
  (1)As an old Chinese legend has it, the Great Yu collected all the copper from the Nine States of China and cast it into nine tripods, symbolizing the Nine States.
  (王知还 译)

from

http://www.oktranslation.com/LiteraryTranslation/lt_info35071.html

[转载]陆游·《十一月四日风雨大作》英译

屏蔽已有 3317 次阅读 2013-9-27 08:48 |个人分类:老师文集|系统分类:诗词雅集|文章来源:转载

王知还 译

僵卧孤村不自哀,尚思为国戍轮台。

夜阑卧听风吹雨,铁马冰河入梦来。

 

Written in a Storm

(In A.D. 1192 when the poet was 68, in retirement in Shanyin County, Zhejiang.)

Lu You

 

Abed, motionless, in a lonely village,

For myself I sorrow not.

All I seek’s defence of my country’s frontier,

And to me a station there allot.

Lying in the depth of the night I listen

To the winds blowing the rain,

And iron-clad horses o’er frozen rivers,

As of old, invade my dreams again.

from

http://www.en84.com/article-398-1.html

[转载]陆游·《示儿》英译

屏蔽已有 2479 次阅读 2013-9-27 08:47 |个人分类:老师文集|系统分类:诗词雅集|文章来源:转载

死去原知万事空,但悲不见九州同。

王师北定中原日,家祭毋忘告乃翁。

 

To My Son

(The Last Poem)

Lu You

 

That after death everything

Becomes void, I sure perceive;

Yet, not to have seen my country unified is still what makes me grieve.

When the King’s northward-bound Army

The Central Plains does reacquire,

In your ancestral sacrifices

Forget not tell your sire!

王知还 译

http://www.en84.com/article-397-1.html

[转载]于谦·《咏煤炭》英译

屏蔽已有 1919 次阅读 2013-9-27 08:44 |个人分类:老师文集|系统分类:诗词雅集| 煤炭 |文章来源:转载

凿开混沌得乌金,蓄藏阳和意最深。

爝火燃回春浩浩,洪炉照破夜沉沉。

鼎彝元赖生成力,铁石犹存死后心。

但愿苍生俱饱暖,不辞辛苦出山林。

 

Coal

Yu Qian

 

Crack up primeval rock and soil,

There glistening black gold we find;

Preserved in such fine sunny warmth

In Nature’s breast deep and kind.

A little fire oft makes one feel

What Spring’s expansive breaths incite,

And a burning furnace could break up

The densest darkness of the night.

Bronze tripods and wine-vessels1 ’re shaped

By its vital power and energy,

And melt iron retains on it

Its posthumous felicity.

So long as all God’s children be

Relieved from hunger, free from cold,

It cares not if, from wooded mountains

It comes to vast sufferings untold.

 

1. Bronze tripods and wine-vessels (the ding and the yi) were symbols of state power in feudal China.

 

(王知还 译)

 

Coal Song

Yu Qian

 

Cut open the ground

And out comes black, black gold,

Holding heat,

Offering comfort.

One chunk of blackness

And spring sunshine returns.

A stove glows bright,

Nighttime disappears.

Bronze tripods are born with your help,

Wine cups are born with your help,

And the steel you helped make

Keeps the virtue of your denial of self:

Let people be well cared for

And what do you care

If you are dug up from the earth

Through so many hardships.

 

(丁祖馨 译)

from

http://www.en84.com/dianji/shi/201305/00012643.html

[转载]何香凝·《哀思惟酬君愿》英译

屏蔽已有 1697 次阅读 2013-9-27 08:42 |个人分类:老师文集|系统分类:诗词雅集| 何香凝 |文章来源:转载

辗转兰床独抱衾,起来重读柏舟吟,

明明霜冷人何处,影薄灯残夜自深。

入梦相逢知不易,返魂无术恨难禁。

哀思惟奋酬君愿,报国何时尽此心!

 

To Fulfill Your Will

He Xiangning

 

Tossing in orchid-scented bed,

I hug the thick quilt all alone.

Then, rising, I begin to read

The devotion poem Bozhou1 again.

Cold is the frost, and bright the moon,

—But where’d I as a sight of you regain?

Shadows grow pale, the wick’s burnt out,

Ah, yes, the night has deepened so!

Even to meet in drams has not

Been easy, this, too, I know.

No way your spirit to recall—

Hence the irrepressible chagrin.

But let my grief itself transcend

So that I may fulfill your will:

—Devotion of my heart and soul

To serve the Country, to defend!

 

1. Gong Bo, heir to the Duke of Wei (one of the fiefdoms during the Chunqiu Period—8th to 5th century B.C.), died early. His young widow Gong Jiang refused his parents’ order to remarry. She wrote the poem entitled Bozhou to express her unchanged, lasting love for her late husband.

 

(王知还 译)

from

http://www.en84.com/article-11561-1.html

[转载]岳飞《满江红·怒发冲冠》英译

屏蔽已有 2717 次阅读 2013-9-27 08:39 |个人分类:老师文集|系统分类:诗词雅集| 满江红 |文章来源:转载

岳飞(1103~1142)字鹏举,汉族。北宋相州汤阴县永和乡孝悌里(今河南省安阳市汤阴县菜园镇程岗村)人。中国历史上著名战略家、军事家、民族英雄、抗金名将。岳飞在军事方面的才能则被誉为宋、辽、金、西夏时期最为杰出的军事统帅、连结河朔之谋的缔造者。同时又是两宋以来最年轻的建节封侯者。南宋中兴四将(岳飞、韩世忠、张俊、刘光世)之首。

《满江红·怒发冲冠》是南宋大英雄岳飞创作的一首词。此词是脍炙人口的名篇。它表现了作者抗击金兵、收复故土、统一祖国的强烈的爱国精神,流传很广,深受人民的喜爱。

满江红

怒发冲冠,

凭栏处,

潇潇雨歇。

抬望眼,

仰天长啸,

壮怀激烈。

三十功名尘与土,

八千里路云和月。

莫等闲,

白了少年头,

空悲切!

靖康耻,

犹未雪,

臣子恨,

何时灭!

驾长车踏破,

贺兰山缺。

壮志饥餐胡虏肉,

笑谈渴饮匈奴血。

待从头,

收拾旧山河,

朝天阙!

Hair on End

(Tune: “The River All Red”)

Yue Fei (1)

Hair on end and shoving my hat,

In wrath I lean on th’ balustrade,

While th’ rain leaves off its pitter-pat.

Eyes fixed skyward, I sign long and loud.

A hero’s fury fills my breast.

At thirsty, nothing achieved, unknown,

—but these to me are light as dust—

I’ve fought through eight-thousand li

Holding the field, under cloud and moon.

What I do mind, is not to let

My young head turn white in vain,

And be gnawed by empty sorrow then.

With the Jingkang Humiliation (2) yet

Unavenged, unredressed,

How can a subject’s grievance be

Ever effaced from memory?

I’ll send war-chariots rough-shod

Through the gorges of Mt. Helan;

To quench my thirst, I’d drink the blood

Of Huns, while laugh and chat I can;

Heroic minded, to satiate hunger,

I would make Tartars’ flesh my fare.

’Til our lost land is all retrieved,

Then to the Imperial Palace, there

I’ll make obeisance, relieved!

Notes:

(1)    Yue Fei (1103-1141) is among the most revered and commemorated national heroes inChinese history. He is chiefly remembered for his unswerving, staunch and successful resistance ofthe Jin (the Nu Zhen Nationality) invasions and his tragic end—murdered for his very merits. Butwhat is handed down of his poetry can hold its own in the history of Chinese literature, as seen inthe instance of this poem.

(2)    The Jingkang Humiliation refers to the capture of the two emperors Qinzong and Huizong bythe Jin invaders in 1127.

(王知还 译)

from

http://www.putclub.com/html/ability/translation/translation/training/literature/2013/0125/65242.html

[转载]梁启超《水调歌头》英译

屏蔽已有 2024 次阅读 2013-9-27 08:38 |个人分类:老师文集|系统分类:诗词雅集| 梁启超, 水调歌头 |文章来源:转载

水调歌头

拍碎双玉斗,

慷慨一何多。

满腔都是血泪,

无处著悲歌。

三百年来王气,

满目山河依旧,

人事竟如何?

百户尚牛酒,

四塞已干戈。

千金剑,

万言策,

两蹉跎。

醉中呵壁自语,

醒后一滂沱。

不恨年华去也,

只恐少年心事,

强半为销磨。

愿替众生病,

稽首礼维摩。

Tune: “Prelude to the Water Melody”

Liang Qichao

I shattered two jade tumblers with a thump,

What fervid vehemence is manifest!

With blood-stained tears arising in a lump,

How can my elegiac sorrow be expressed!

A three-century-old dynastic destiny!

The same mountains, rivers—as eyes can scan,

Yet, how is now this country being run?

While sumptuous banquets the elite are throwing,

Signs of invasion at th’ borders are brewing.

Thousand-tael-worth might swords,

And strategies of ten-thousand words,

Are offered all in vain!

Inebriated, I rant, a-facing the wall;

But cooling off, my tears burst forth like rain.

‘Tis not for my waning youth I regret,

But by my youthful aspirations mauled

And pulverized I sorely am beset.

O let the people’s sufferings all be mine,

In homage I kneel, entreating at Buddha’s shrine.

(王知还 译)

from

http://www.putclub.com/html/ability/translation/translation/training/literature/2013/0301/67107.html

[转载]陈毅的《秋菊》之英译

屏蔽已有 2056 次阅读 2013-9-27 08:36 |个人分类:老师文集|系统分类:诗词雅集| 王知还 |文章来源:转载

陈毅•《秋菊》英译
  2010-5-4 11:54| 发布者: sisu04| 查看: 429| 评论: 0
  秋菊能傲霜,
  风霜重重恶。
  本性能耐寒,
  风霜其奈何?
  The Autumn Chrysanthemums
  Chen Yi
  Autumn chrysanthemums scorn the frost,
  Though wind and frost rage oft and again.
  If by nature they’re made cold-proof,
  How can wind and frost bring harm then?

  (王知还 译)

from http://www.oktranslation.com/news/twininfo35072.html

[转载]徐锡麟·《出塞》英译

屏蔽已有 1587 次阅读 2013-9-27 08:34 |个人分类:老师文集|系统分类:诗词雅集| 出塞 |文章来源:转载

军歌应唱大刀环,誓灭胡奴出玉关。

只解沙场为国死,何须马革裹尸还!

 

Back to Beyond the Yumen Pass1

Xu Xilin

 

A tune of triumphant return

Our martial song “Broadsword” must ring.

Back to beyond the Yumen Pass,

We vow the alien brutes to fling.

Prepared but on the battlefield

To die for our country, in pride,

Do we care whether our remains

Will be brought back wrapped in horse-hide?

 

1. The Yumen Pass, western Gansu Province, ever since ancient times has been regarded as a sort of “watershed” between China Proper and the western minority regions.

 

(王知还 译)

from http://www.en84.com/article-10918-1.html

[转载]于谦·《石灰吟》英译

屏蔽已有 1664 次阅读 2013-9-27 08:33 |个人分类:老师文集|系统分类:诗词雅集| 石灰吟 |文章来源:转载

千锤万凿出深山,烈火焚烧若等闲。

粉骨碎身浑不怕,要留清白在人间。

 

Lime

Yu Qian

 

Hacked and hammered a thousand times,

From the depth of the mountains it comes.

Through hectic heat and frantic flame,

Unperturbed it stays the same.

Flesh and bone to smithereens crushed,

It still is unafraid, unflushed.

For all it desires from its birth,

Is leaving whiteness to this earth.

 

(王知还 译)

 

Limestone Song

Yu Qian

 

It was digging

         chiseling

                cutting

That led me into the world.

What can heating

                burning

                   boiling

Do to hurt me, now?

Reduce me to dust, to powder,

I’m not afraid

So long as I remain stainless, and pure.

 

(丁祖馨 译)

 

Song of the Lime

Yu Qian

 

You come out of deep mountains after hammer blows;

Under fire and water tortures you’re not in woes.

Though broken into pieces, you will have no fright;

You’ll purify the world by washing it e’er white.

 

(许渊冲 译)

 

Song of the Limestone

Yu Qian

 

Thou, having suffer’d countless strikes, come’st out from mountain deep;

Undaunted in the face of falmes which do around thee leap.

Though destin’d to be pulveriz’d thou show’st no sign of fright,

For ‘tis thy wish to leave with th’ world a lily white!

 

(卓振英、刘筱华 译)

 

from

http://www.en84.com/dianji/shi/201305/00012645.html

http://blog.sciencenet.cn/blog-362400-728200.html

上一篇:参观鲁迅故居,非主流的视点
下一篇:牢骚话:某餐厅吃饺子及其他

 

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发表评论评论 (2 个评论)

删除 回复 |赞[1]张珑   2013-9-27 15:53
您这刷屏呢?
 回复  : 不是,收集网上贴出来的王知还老师的译作,算是对她老人家的一个纪念。

2013-9-28 03:441 楼(回复楼主)

发布者

liweinlp

立委博士,弘玑首席科学家,自然语言处理(NLP)资深架构师。前讯飞AI研究院副院长,研发支持对话的多语言平台,前京东主任科学家, 主攻深度解析和知识图谱及其应用。Netbase前首席科学家,期间指挥研发了18种语言的理解和应用系统。特别是汉语和英语,具有世界一流的解析(parsing)精度,并且做到鲁棒、线速,scale up to 大数据,语义落地到数据挖掘和问答产品。Cymfony前研发副总,曾荣获第一届问答系统第一名(TREC-8 QA Track),并赢得17个小企业创新研究的信息抽取项目(PI for 17 SBIRs)。立委NLP工作的应用方向包括大数据舆情挖掘、客户情报、信息抽取、知识图谱、问答系统、智能助理、语义搜索等等。

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