民主党总统候选人初选辩论第二夜,终于迎来了华裔候选人杨安泽(Andrew Yang)的高光时刻。绝对精彩,一鸣惊人。第一次辩论由于现场争抢话语权不够有力而失利后,这次他是精心准备了,没有一个多余的字,句句戳心,无可挑剔。对主流议题提出了独特的视角和前瞻性解决方案,具有新鲜的冲击力。

请看辩论现场杨辩的翻译(thanks to 有道MT):

Opening Statement

BASH: Andrew Yang?

YANG: If you've heard anything about me and my campaign, you've heard that someone is running for president who wants to give every American $1,000 a month. I know this may sound like a gimmick, but this is a deeply American idea, from Thomas Paine to Martin Luther King to today.

Let me tell you why we need to do it and how we pay for it. Why do we need to do it? We already automated away millions of manufacturing jobs, and chances are your job can be next. If you don't believe me, just ask an auto worker here in Detroit.

How do we pay for it? Raise your hand in the crowd if you've seen stores closing where you live. It is not just you. Amazon is closing 30 percent of America's stores and malls and paying zero in taxes while doing it. We need to do the opposite of much of what we're doing right now, and the opposite of Donald Trump is an Asian man who likes math.


So let me share the math. A thousand dollars a month for every adult would be $461 million every month, right here in Detroit alone. The automation of our jobs is the central challenge facing us today. It is why Donald Trump is our president, and any politician not addressing it is failing the American people.



BASH: 安德鲁·杨?

杨: 如果你听说过我和我的竞选活动,你一定听说过有人竞选总统,他想给每个美国人每月1000美元。我知道这听起来像是一个噱头,但从托马斯·潘恩(Thomas Paine)到马丁·路德·金(Martin Luther King),再到今天,这是一个深刻的美国理念。




让我来分享一下这里面的数学。每个成年人每月1000美元,仅在底特律将是4.61亿美元。工作岗位的自动化是我们今天面临的主要挑战。这就是为什么唐纳德·特朗普(Donald Trump)当上了我们的总统,而任何不解决这个问题的政客都辜负了美国人民。


TAPPER: Thank you. Thank you, Governor Inslee.

Mr. Yang, I want to bring you in. You support a Medicare for All system. How do you respond to Governor Inslee?

YANG: Well, I just want to share a story. When I told my wife I was running for president, you know the first question she asked me? What are we going to do about our health care?

That's a true story, and it's not just us. Democrats are talking about health care in the wrong way. As someone who's run a business, I can tell you flat out our current health care system makes it harder to hire, it makes it harder to treat people well and give them benefits and treat them as full-time employees, it makes it harder to switch jobs, as Senator Harris just said, and it's certainly a lot harder to start a business.

If we say, look, we're going to get health care off the backs of businesses and families, then watch American entrepreneurship recover and bloom. That's the argument we should be making to the American people.


TAPPER: Thank you, Mr. Yang.









LEMON: Mr. Yang, your response?



YANG: I'm the son of immigrants myself. My father immigrated here as a graduate student and generated over 65 U.S. patents for G.E. and IBM. I think that's a pretty good deal for the United States. That's the immigration story we need to be telling.

We can’t always be focusing on some of the -- the -- the distressed stories. And if you go to a factory here in Michigan, you will not find wall-to-wall immigrants; you will find wall-to-wall robots and machines. Immigrants are being scapegoated for issues they have nothing to do with in our economy.








TAPPER: Thank you, Mr. Vice President.

YANG: May I, please?

TAPPER: Mr. Yang, your response?


YANG: I speak for just about everyone watching when I say I would trust anyone on this stage much more than I would trust our current president on matters of criminal justice.


We cannot tear each other down. We have to focus on beating Donald Trump in 2020.

I want to share a story that a prison guard, a corrections officer in New Hampshire said to me. He said, we should pay people to stay out of jail, because we spend so much when they're behind bars. Right now, we think we're saving money, we just end up spending the money in much more dark and punitive ways. We should put money directly into people's hands, certainly when they come out of prison, but before they go into prison.

TAPPER: Thank you, Mr. Yang.








我们不能拆散彼此。我们必须集中精力在2020年击败唐纳德·特朗普(Donald Trump)。




LEMON: Mr. Yang, why are you the best candidate to heal the racial divide in America -- your response?

YANG: I spent seven years running a non-profit that helped create thousands of jobs, including hundreds right here in Detroit, as well as Baltimore, Cleveland, New Orleans. And I saw that the racial disparities are much, much worse than I had ever imagined.

They're even worse still. A study just came out that projected the average African-American median net worth will be zero by 2053. So you have to ask yourself, how is that possible? It's possible because we're in the midst of the greatest economic transformation in our history. Artificial intelligence is coming. It's going to displace hundreds of thousands of call center workers, truck drivers -- the most common job in 29 states, including this one.

And you know who suffers most in a natural disaster? It's people of color, people who have lower levels of capital and education and resources. So what are we going to do about it? We should just go back to the writings of Martin Luther King, who in 1967, his book "Chaos or Community", said "We need a guaranteed minimum income in the United States of America." That is the most effective way for us to address racial inequality in a genuine way and give every American a chance in the 21st Century economy.


LEMON: Mr. Yang, thank you very much.




你知道谁在自然灾害中受害最深吗?是有色人种,他们的资本、教育和资源水平较低。那么我们要怎么做呢?我们应该回顾一下马丁·路德·金(Martin Luther King)的著作,他在1967年出版的《混乱还是社区》(Chaos or Community)一书中说,“我们需要美国有保障的最低收入。”这是我们以真正的方式解决种族不平等问题、让每个美国人在21世纪的经济中都有机会(分享经济红利)的最有效方式。



BIDEN: - in research for new alternatives to deal with climate change.

BASH: Mr. Yang, your response?

BIDEN: And that's bigger than any other person.

YANG: The important number in Vice President Biden's remarks just now is that he United States was only 15 percent of global emissions. We like to act as if we're 100 percent, but the truth is even if we were to curb our emissions dramatically, the earth is still going to get warmer.

And we can see it around it us this summer. The last four years have been the four warmest years in recorded history. This is going to be a tough truth, but we are too late. We are 10 years too late. We need to do everything we can to start moving the climate in the right direction, but we also need to start moving our people to higher ground.

And the best way to do that is to put economic resources into your hands so you can protect yourself and your families.







TAPPER: Thank you, Senator Gillibrand. Mr. Yang, in poll after poll democratic voters are saying that having a nominee who can beat President Trump is more important to them than having a nominee who agrees with them on major issues. And right now, according to polls, they say the candidate who has the best chance of doing that, of beating President Trump is Vice President Biden. Why are they wrong?

YANG: Well, I'm building a coalition of disaffected Trump voters, independents, libertarians, and conservatives, as well as democrats and progressives. I believe I'm the candidate best suited to beat Donald Trump and as for how to win in Michigan and Ohio and Pennsylvania, the problem is that so many people feel like the economy has left them behind.

What we have to do is we have to say look, there's record high GDP in stock market prices, you know what else they're at record high is? Suicides, drug overdoses, depression, anxiety. It's gotten so bad that American life expectancy had declined for the last three years.

And I like to talk about my wife who is at home with our two boys right now, one of whom is autistic. What is her work count at in today's economy. Zero and we know that's the opposite of the truth. We know that her work is amongst the most challenging and vital.

The way we win this election as we redefine economic progress to include all the things that matter to the people in Michigan and all of us like our own heath, our well being, our mental health, our clean air and clean water, how are kids are doing.

If we change the measurements for the 21st century economy to revolve around our own well being then we will win this election.


TAPPER: Thank you, Mr. Yang. Congresswoman Gabbard, your response?



我们要做的是,看,股票市场的GDP达到了创纪录的高水平,你知道处于创纪录的高水平的还有什么吗? 自杀,药物过量,抑郁,焦虑。情况变得如此糟糕,美国人的预期寿命在过去三年里下降了。

我想谈谈我的妻子,她现在和我们的两个儿子在家,其中一个患有自闭症。她的工作在今天的经济中起什么作用? 0,我们知道这是与事实相反的。我们知道她的工作是最具挑战性和最重要的。





BASH: Mr. Yang, Mr. Yang, women on average earn 80 cents, about 80 cents for every dollar earned by men. Senator Harris wants to fine companies that don't close their gender pay gaps. As an entrepreneur, do you think a stiff fine will change how companies pay their female employees?

YANG: I have seen firsthand the inequities in the business world where women are concerned, particularly in start-ups and entrepreneurship. We have to do more at every step. And if you're a woman entrepreneur, the obstacles start not just at home, but then when you seek a mentor or an investor, often they don't look like you and they might not think your idea is the right one.

In order to give women a leg up, what we have to do is we have to think about women in every situation, including the ones who are in exploitive and abusive jobs and relationships around the country. I'm talking about the waitress who's getting harassed by her boss at the diner who might have a business idea, but right now is stuck where she is.

What we have to do is we have to give women the economic freedom to be able to improve their own situations and start businesses, and the best way to do this is by putting a dividend of $1,000 a month into their hands.


It would be a game-changer for women around the country, because we know that women do more of the unrecognized and uncompensated work in our society. It will not change unless we change it. And I say that's just what we do.









TAPPER: Thank you. Thank you, Congresswoman.

Mr. Yang, Iran has now breached the terms of the 2015 nuclear deal after President Trump withdrew the U.S. from the deal, and that puts Iran closer to building a nuclear weapon, the ability to do so, at the very least. You've said if Iran violates the agreement, the U.S. would need to respond, quote, "very strongly." So how would a President Yang respond right now?

YANG: I would move to de-escalate tensions in Iran, because they're responding to the fact that we pulled out of this agreement. And it wasn't just us and Iran. There were many other world powers that were part of that multinational agreement. We'd have to try and reenter that agreement, renegotiate the timelines, because the timelines now don't make as much sense.

But I've signed a pledge to end the forever wars. Right now, our strength abroad reflects our strength at home. What's happened, really? We've fallen apart at home, so we elected Donald Trump, and now we have this erratic and unpredictable relationship with even our longstanding partners and allies.

What we have to do is we have to start investing those resources to solve the problems right here at home. We've spent trillions of dollars and lost thousands of American lives in conflicts that have had unclear benefits. We've been in a constant state of war for 18 years. This is not what the American people want. I would bring the troops home, I would de-escalate tensions with Iran, and I would start investing our resources in our own communities.


TAPPER: 谢谢。谢谢你,国会女议员。


杨: 我想采取行动缓和伊朗的紧张局势,因为他们是在回应我们退出这项协议的事实。不仅仅是美国和伊朗。还有许多其他世界强国也参与了这项多国协议。我们必须试着重新达成协议,重新协商时间表,因为现在的时间表已经没有意义了。

但我已经签署了一项承诺,结束永远的战争。现在,我们在国外的实力反映了我们在国内的实力。到底发生了什么? 我们在国内四分五裂,所以我们选了唐纳德·特朗普(Donald Trump),现在我们与我们的长期合作伙伴和盟友之间的关系也不稳定、不可预测。



TAPPER: Welcome back to the CNN Democratic presidential debate. It is time now for closing statements. You will each receive one minute. Mayor de Blasio, let's begin with you.


TAPPER: Mr. Yang?

YANG: You know what the talking heads couldn't stop talking about after the last debate? It's not the fact that I'm somehow number four on the stage in national polling. It was the fact that I wasn't wearing a tie. Instead of talking about automation and our future, including the fact that we automated away 4 million manufacturing jobs, hundreds of thousands right here in Michigan, we're up here with makeup on our faces and our rehearsed attack lines, playing roles in this reality TV show.

It's one reason why we elected a reality TV star as our president.



We need to be laser-focused on solving the real challenges of today, like the fact that the most common jobs in America may not exist in a decade, or that most Americans cannot pay their bills. My flagship proposal, the freedom dividend, would put $1,000 a month into the hands of every American adult. It would be a game-changer for millions of American families.

If you care more about your family and your kids than my neckwear, enter your zip code at yang2020.com and see what $1,000 a month would mean to your community. I have done the math. It’s not left; it’s not right. It’s forward. And that is how we’re going to beat Donald Trump in 2020.



杨:你知道上次辩论后那些人不停地说些什么吗? 并不是说我在全国民调中排名第四。谈的是我没有打领带。我们不是在谈论自动化和我们的未来,包括自动化让400万个制造业工作岗位消失的事实,就在密歇根这里,成千上万的工作岗位消失了。我们化着妆,排练着相互攻击的台词,在这个真人秀节目中扮演角色。









华盛顿邮报: https://www.washingtonpost.com/politics/2019/08/01/transcript-night-second-democratic-debate/?noredirect=on&utm_term=.f895d8fa66aa




Andrew Yang and Anderson Cooper, Post Debate Interview (July 31, 2019) 



立委博士,问问副总裁,聚焦大模型及其应用。Netbase前首席科学家10年,期间指挥研发了18种语言的理解和应用系统,鲁棒、线速,scale up to 社会媒体大数据,语义落地到舆情挖掘产品,成为美国NLP工业落地的领跑者。Cymfony前研发副总八年,曾荣获第一届问答系统第一名(TREC-8 QA Track),并赢得17个小企业创新研究的信息抽取项目(PI for 17 SBIRs)。


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