SCIENTIFIC ATTAINMENTS OF PREVENTIVE MEDICINE REFLECTED IN THE UNEARTHED MEDICAL WORKS OF
MA WANG DUI ANCIENT TOMB
Second Teaching Hospital of South Anhui Medical College
The author of this paper has made a preliminary study of the preventive medical ideology and measures involved in the medical works of Ma Wang Dui ancient tomb – “Fifty-two Prescriptions”, “Taking in Vital Air Instead of Food”, “Breathing and Physical Exercise Therapy for Health Protection and Treatment”, and “Ways of Health Keeping”.
The theme of disease prevention of these works consists mainly of the knowledge of disease-causing factors -knowledge of physiology and pathology. Measures of disease prevention are discussed in two aspects:
1 Corporeal cultivation and vital energy preservation, general health keeping, health protection and treatment through breathing and physical exercise therapy, vital air taking, and sexual activity.
2. Dietetic hygiene to avoid illness caused by eating and drinking: the value of cooked food, a balanced diet, food therapy, and certain food avoidance.
The Medical works of Ma Wang Dui ancient tomb came into being during the early Qin Period (prior to 221 B.C.). Our forefathers of that historical period had already recognized the importance of disease prevention. The works contain a large amount of materials concerning preventive medicine, which is proof of the great attainments achieved in preventive medicine at that time.
The author holds that the ideology and measures of preventive medicine in the Ma Wang Dui medical works occupy an important position in the history of preventive medicine. And it can well be said that its exposition of disease occurrence is based on the ideology of the “Internal Classic”, and this ideology has given a profound and lasting influence as well as invaluable contributions to the survival and development of the Chinese nation. The study of these works is significant not only for the science of medical history but also for the development of preventive medicine today.